Paul R. Brass

PAUL R. BRASS is Professor (Emeritus) of Political Science and International Studies at the University of Washington, Seattle. He has published numerous books and articles on comparative and South Asian politics, ethnic politics, and collective violence.

His work has been based on extensive field research in India during numerous visits since 1961. His most recent books are: Forms of Collective Violence: Riots, Pogroms, and Genocide in Modern India (2006); The Production of Hindu-Muslim Violence in Contemporary India (2003); Theft of an Idol: Text and Context in the Representation of Collective Violence (1997); Riots and Pogroms (1996); and The Politics of India Since Independence, 2nd ed. (1994).

PUBLICATIONS: BOOKS

THE POLITICS OF NORTHERN INDIA: 1937 TO 1987
2011: Volume I : An Indian political life: : Charan Singh and Congress Politics, 1937 to 1961

2012: Volume II: Charan Singh and Congress Politics, 1957 to 1967.

2006: Forms of Collective Violence: Riots, Pogroms, and Genocide in Modern India. Gurgaon: Three Essays Collective. Pp. 184

2003: The Production of Hindu-Muslim Violence in Contemporary India. Seattle: University of Washington Press. Pp. 476

2002: Competing Nationalisms in South Asia: Essays for Asghar Ali Engineer. Ed. with Achin Vanaik. Hyderabad: Orient Longman.

1997: Theft of an Idol:Text and Context in the Representation of Collective Violence. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Pp. 298

1996: Riots and Pogroms. London and New York: Macmillan and NYU Press. Pp. 252

1994: The Politics of India Since Independence, 2nd edition, vol. iv:i of the New Cambridge History of
India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 403

1991: Ethnicity and Nationalism: Theory and
Comparison. New Delhi and Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Pp. 358.

1990: The Politics of India Since Independence,
vol. iv:i of the New Cambridge History of India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 357

1987: The Indian National Congress and Indian Society, 1885-1985: Ideology, Social Structure, and Political Dominance (with Francis Robinson). New Delhi: Chanakya Press. Pp. 480.

1985: Ethnic Groups and the State. London: Croom Helm. Pp. 341.

1985: Caste, Faction, and Party in Indian Politics, Vol. II: Election Studies. New Delhi: Chanakya Press. Pp. 325.

1984: Caste, Faction, and Party in Indian Politics, Vol. I: Faction and Party. New Delhi: Chanakya Press. Pp. 339.

1982: Science, Politics, and the Agricultural Revolution in Asia (with Robert S. Anderson, Edwin Levy, and Barrie M. Morrison). Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press. 512 pp.

1974: Language, Religion, and Politics in North India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974. 467 pp.

1973: Radical Politics in South Asia (with Marcus Franda). Cambridge: The MIT Press. 449 pp.

1965: Factional Politics in an Indian State: The Congress Party in Uttar Pradesh. Berkeley, University of California. 262 pp.

SELECTED ARTICLES

2006: “The Development of an Institutionalised Riot System in Meerut City, 1961 to 1982,” in Ian Talbot (ed), The Deadly Embrace (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2006), pp. 81-107.

2006: “Collective Violence, Human Rights, and the Politics of Curfew,” Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 5, No. 3, July-September 2006 pp. 323-40.

2006: “Victims, Heroes, or Martyrs? Partition and the Problem of Memorialization in Contemporary Sikh History,” Sikh Formations,Vol. 2, No. 1, June 2006, pp. 17-31.

2006: “Indian Secularism in Practice,” in the Indian Journal of Secularism, Vol. 9 (No. 1), Jan-Mar, 115-32.

2005: “The Body as Symbol in the Production of Hindu-Muslim Violence,” in Ravinder Kaur (ed.), Religion, Violence, and Political Mobilisation in South Asia, (New Delhi: Sage, 2005),pp. 46-68.

2005: “Rape at Daphnala,” in Steven I. Wilkinson (ed.), Religious Politics and Communal Violence (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2005), pp. 34-65. [Reprint of chapter from Theft of an Idol.]

2004: "Development of an Institutionalised Riot System in Meerut City, 1961 to 1982," ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL WEEKLY (October 30, 2004), pp. 4839-4848.

2004: "Elite interests, popular passions, and social power in the language politics of India," Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 27 (No. 3) May 2004, pp. 353-375.

2004: "Muslims in Hindu Nationalist India," Center Conversations (April 2004).

2003: "The Partition of India and Retributive Genocide in the Punjab, 1946-47: Means, Methods, and Purposes," Journal of Genocide Research (2003), 5(1), 71-101.

2003: "Review Article: Rulers of India," Economic Development and Cultural Change, 51: 2 (January 2003), 523-28.

2002: “India, Myron Weiner, and the Political Science of Development,” Economic and Political Weekly, XXXVII, No. 29 (July 20-26, 2002), 3026-40.

2000: “The Strong State and the Fear of Disorder,” in Francine R. Frankel, et al. (eds.), Transforming India: Social and Political Dynamics of Democracy (New Delhi: Oxford University Press). Pp. 60-88

1984: "National Power and Local Politics in India: A Twenty-Year Perspective," Modern Asian Studies, XVIII, No. 1 (February, 1984), 89-118.

1968: "Coalition Politics in North India," The American Political Science Review, LXII (December, 1968), 1174-1191.

BOOK REVIEWS

2003: "The World's Largest Hypocrisies"; Review of The Maverick Republic: Thirty Years of Coverage by Jawid Laiq; Roli Books, New Delhi, 2000.

CONFERENCE PAPERS

2004: Riots, Pogroms, and Genocide in Contemporary India: From Partition to the Present.

Selected Works

Books
An Indian Political Life focuss on the role of Charan Singh in the politics of the period, while providing a broader perspective on the major issues, controveries, and developments of the time.
This collection of essays focus on the various forms of collective violence that have occurred in India during the past six decades, which include riots, pogroms, and genocide.
Explains the persistence of Hindu-Muslim rioting in India.
Case studies of collective violence in the twentieth century.
Second edition, covering Indian politics and political economy from 1947 to 1992.
Comparative and theoretical studies of ethnic groups and nationalities in India and the Soviet Union.
Comparative studies in ethnic conflict and the interaction of ethnic identity and the state.
History and analysis of the politics of language and religious movements in northern India,
The first major study of local politics in post-Independence India.
Articles and Essays
Critique of the Social Sciences in Light of the Works of Nietzsche and Foucault
Focuses on three aspects of the Bihar Famine crisis: the process of defining the situation in Bihar; the rehtoric used in labeling it and in distinguishing it from a "normal" situation; and the responses of the authorities to the crisis.
A consideration of the consequences of curfew restrictions for the populations affected by them and the human rights issues raised by extended and punitive curfew restrictions, with special attention to India.
Discusses the problems of memorialization faced by religious/ethnic communities whose members have been subjected to large-scale, traumatic violence.
Reviews of my book by Thomas Blom Hansen, A. R. Momin, and Roger Petersen, with my response.
Text of article published in the INDIAN JOURNAL OF SECULARISM, Vol. 9 No. 1 (Jan-Mar 2006)
Biographies of Indira Gandhi, Jayaprakash Narayan, Vallabhbhai Patel, Lal Bahadur Shastri, and Ram Manohar Lohia in the New Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
Text of article published in the ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL WEEKLY (October 30, 2004).
Text of article published in Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 27 (No. 3) May 2004, pp. 353-375.
Chapter 1 in Ravinder Kaur (ed.), Religion, Violence and Political Mobilisation in South Asia (New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2005), pp. 46-68.
Analysis of the 1984 parliamentary election results in Uttar Pradesh
Text of article published in The American Political Science Review, Vol. 62, No. 4 (Dec., 1968), 1174-1191.
Text of article published in Modern Asian Studies, XVIII, No. 1 (February, 1984), 89-118.
Transcript of a discussion with Asghar Ali Engineer at the Center for Ethics and Public Policy, Washington, D. C., held on January 12, 2004
Analysis of the killings and destruction in the Indian state of Gujarat after February 27, 2002.
Analysis of Foucault's ideas concerning power, knowledge, governing, and governance.
Conference papers
Prepared for the Panel on “Corruption as Practice and Discourse in India” at the Annual Conference on South Asia, University of Wisconsin, Madison, October 19-22, 2006
Prepared for the Hiroshima Peace Institute Conference on Comparative Research into Genocide and Mass Violence, Hiroshima, Japan, March 22-26, 2004)
Methodology and ideology in the analysis of forms of collective violence